Seahorse identification
  The coronet (top of the head) on some seahorses is believed to be as unique to each individual seahorse as the fingerprint on a human. I use this unique trait to help with the identification of individual seahorses where I dive regularly.  

Birth of a seahorse in the wild
  Male seahorses can give birth to as little as half a dozen to over 1,000 young.  

Seahorse mating
  Quickly after giving birth a male seahorse will attempt to mate with a female. I regularly see mating pairs in near proximity to each other for many days. On this occasion the male seahorse (left) chased the egg-laden female seahorse (right) in hopes of mating.  

The seahorse and Greek mythology
  The seahorse was perhaps the inspiration in Greek mythology for their depiction of Poseidon and his horse-drawn ocean chariot. The seahorse's scientific name, Hippocampus, is Greek for "crooked horse." Learn more.  

There are over 70 species of seahorses
  With over 70 recognized species of seahorses, defined by shape or behavior that they have in common: snout length, coronet variations, body and head spines, and the number of rings on their trunks and tails. Sexes have different shapes and spine arrangements. The male tends to be more slender, is less spiny and has a brood pouch.  

Body color change in seahorses
  Seahorses have the ability to change colors by the contraction and expansion of cells in their body called chromatophores. This color change in seahorses happen for a number of reasons which include environmental (blending in with their environment and water quality) and behaviorial (courtship and territorial display) factors.  

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  • Seahorse identification
  • Birth of a seahorse in the wild
  • Seahorse mating
  • The seahorse and Greek mythology
  • There are over 70 species of seahorses
  • Body color change in seahorses
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