Stingray over - under photograph
  Singrays have numerous predators including some species of sharks and orcas. Orcas in New Zealand have been observed flipping stingrays upside down causing them to fall into tonic immobility (a temporary paralysis) before consuming them.  

Loggerhead sea turtle hatchling at sunrise
  The loggerhead sea turtle is the most common of all sea turtles in Florida. They can weigh in at 200 to 350 pounds. Their diet consists mainly of crabs and molluscs.  

Green sea turtle hatchling in the ocean
  It is believed that sea turtle hatchlings, such as this green sea turtle, locate the ocean because they are phototactic - they are attracted to light. At night, without any man-made lights to confuse them, the glow from the ocean reflects the brightest ambient light. Sea turtle hatchlings will avoid dark areas, such as the dune, as this is the area where predators abound. Learn more about sea turtle navigation.  

Shark and ship wreck photograph
  A lemon shark swims alongside a ship wreck in West Palm Beach, Florida. Numerous sharks can be found during the winter months in these waters.  

Cushion sea star and bait fish
  Sea stars have no blood. They use filtered sea water to pump nutrients through their nervous system.  

Stingray over - under photograph
  A close relative of the shark, stingrays have a cartilaginous body and have an organ that senses the natural electrical charges of its prey. Stingrays feed on mollusks and crustaceans. This photograph of a southern stingray above and below the water was taken in the Bahamas.  

  • Stingray over - under photograph
  • Loggerhead sea turtle hatchling at sunrise
  • Green sea turtle hatchling in the ocean
  • Shark and ship wreck photograph
  • Cushion sea star and bait fish
  • Stingray over - under photograph
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