Seahorse birth in the wild
  This rare photograph of a seahorse birth in the wild was taken during one of my muck dives in West Palm Beach, FL. The MALE seahorse, with a brood pouch full of eggs deposited by a female, is left in charge of incubation for up to 25 days. During this half hour birthing event the pregnant male seahorse released over a hundred fully developed baby seahorses into the water column. Learn more.  

Mating seahorses photographed in the wild
  The reproduction dynamics of mating seahorses is among the most unique in the animal world for it is the male seahorse who becomes pregnant. Many mating seahorses studied in the wild appear to be monogamous throughout the breeding season. The mating seahorse's bond is reinforced by daily greetings, in which the female and male dance with each other; sometimes for hours. This photograph of mating seahorses was captured at the exact moment when the female, on the right, was depositing her eggs into the male's brood pouch. Learn more about mating seahorses.  

Seahorses swimming upright
  Why do seahorses swim upright? They lack a caudal (tail) fin to propel them forward and so use their dorsal (back) fin to move slowly and upright. According to researchers the seahorse evolved this way due to a great expansion of sea grass beds approximately 25 million years ago. The idea is that it is easier to hide among the blades of grass by swimming vertically alongside them. Learn more.  

Orange seahorse hides in Merman
  Seahorses throughout the world are under threat by the degradation of their habitat, exploited for the aquarium trade and traditional medicine, and killed in nonselective fishing techniques. You can help protect seahorses by supporting organizations such as Project Seahorse.  

Longsnout seahorse hides in sponge
  I often encounter longsnout seahorses hiding inside sponges while diving at Phil Foster park in West Palm Beach, FL.  

Vision in seahorses
  Seahorses have large eyes that can be controlled independently similar to a chameleon's eyes. This gives the seahorse almost 360-degree of vision. Seahorses can see in color and appear to be sensitive to light and minuscule movement created by their prey; creatures such as copepods. Learn more about seahorses.  

  • Seahorse birth in the wild
  • Mating seahorses photographed in the wild
  • Seahorses swimming upright
  • Orange seahorse hides in Merman
  • Longsnout seahorse hides in sponge
  • Vision in seahorses
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